Active and Passive voice exercises for class 10



Active and Passive voice exercises for class 10

Active and Passive voice exercises for class 10

In this blog post I will explain about Active and Passive voice exercises for class 10 in detail. Therefore, this lesson will be very effective for CBSE 10th Students.

Active Voice: when the subject is given importance i.e., when it is placed in the beginning of the sentence, then the sentence is said to in the Active Voice.


(i)                   I read a book[ Present Indefinite Tense]
(ii)                She has written  the  article [ Present Perfect Tense]
(iii)               Hari was singing a song[ Past Continuous Tense]

In the above sentences, I, she and Hari is the subject of the respective sentence. Book, write and sing are the verb of the sentences and the book , the article and a song are the objects of these three sentences.

Therefore, we have noticed that thee are mainly three parts in an Active Voice. They are:

1.       Subject( the leader of the sentence)

2.       Verb( a word showing action done by the subject)

3.       Object( which has to be done by the subject)

Active and Passive voice exercises for class 10

Passive Voice: ‘ Passive’ is the opposite word of ‘active’ and means ‘not active’, ‘showing no interest’, ‘submissive’ etc.

When the subject of a sentence  is passive i.e., when it is not important and is therefore paced at the end of a sentence or is sometimes completely omitted( left out, then that sentence is said to be in the Passive Voice.


(i)                  A book is read by me.

(ii)                The article has been written by her.

(iii)               A song is sung by Hari.

In the above sentences, subjects of the three sentences have not been given importance. It shows that the actual work is done by some other things or persons not by the subject itself. These type of sentences are Passive Sentences.

The tenses which can be converted into Passive Voice are:

1.       Present Indefinite Tense,
2.       Present Continuous Tense,
3.       Present Perfect Tense,
4.       Past Indefinite Tense,
5.       Past Continuous Tense,
6.       Past Perfect Tense,
7.       Future Indefinite Tense and
8.       Future Perfect Tense

And the tenses which cannot be converted into Passive Voice are:

1.       Present Perfect Continuous Tense,
2.       Past Perfect Continuous Tense,
3.       Future Continuous Tense and
4.       Future Perfect Continuous Tense.

Important rules for forming Passive Voice

v  The Passive Voice is formed by using appropriate forms of the verb – be – with the third form of the principle or main verb.

v  Here the object takes the place of the subject.

v  The subject is either left out or mentioned at the end as the only agent of the action done,

v  The verb only change its form and not its tense.

v  Here the preposition by is mostly used showing the subject as an agent( who perform the activity) of action. However, sometimes other preposition like to, with, at, in etc. are used.

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