Structure Of the Indian Economy



Structure Of the Indian Economy


In this blog post, I am going to discuss bout the Structure Of the  Indian Economy in between 500 to 600 words.

Structure Of the  Indian Economy

  If we talk about the Structure Of the  Indian Economy then we can see Of all the natural resources, the land is certainly the most important stock. Man and other beings use it for their habitat. It is also the basis of most of the primary productive activities which are very essential for human existence. The land is not only required for agriculture, but factories are also established. Vast tracts of land are used as grazing fields, the forest grows on it and road and railway lines are built on its surface.

Structure Of the  Indian Economy

In terms of area, India ranks 7th in the world while in terms of population it ranks 2nd. The total geographical area of the country is nearly 329 million hector. But the statistical information available about land that is total reporting area is 306 million hector. India covers 2.4%  of the total land area of the world and accounts for 17% of the total world population. Thus per-capita land availability very low. It is mere 0.26 hector. In the USA it is 1.83, In Canada, it is 2.2 hector and in Australia, it is 31.7 hector.

In 1999-2000, out of the total reporting area of 306 million hectors,  4.2 million hectors of land (14%) is classified as –

(a)    Barren land: such as mountains, desert, etc. which cannot be brought under cultivation and

(b)    The area under non-agricultural use as that is, the land occupied by buildings, roads, railways, rivers, and canals etc.

In 1999-2000, 69 million hector of land ( 23% of the total land area) is under forest, 11 million hectors of land (3%) are classified as permanent pastures and grazing land. Further, 25 million hectors are classified as fallow lands ( 8%). Fallow lands are cultivable and cultivated lands which remain cultivated during a given year or for some period. Further, there is 18 million cultivable wasteland.

Out of the total reporting area of 306 million hectors, the net sown area is 141 million hector(46%). The net sown area includes the total area sown with crops and orchards. The total cropped area is 190 million hectors.

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